• Brent Karding

    @Keith-Kresge Those are good suggestions, Keith. We’re working on Biblearc 3.0, and since you’ve posted those ideas, we have them to consider and implement.

    Please feel free to post other suggestions as well; it is very helpful to hear how others are using the tools available on Biblearc, so we can make them as useful as possible.

    posted in Phrasing read more
  • Brent Karding

    @Sarah-Hubert said in Psalm 30:8-10:

    Humans are designed to love and praise God, to have fullness of joy in communion and adoration of their Creator and Savior. And David relates here to God in full view of these things.

    This psalm should be a reality check for us! I find it so easy to forget the reason I exist at all, and the reason why I have been redeemed: not to find happiness in myself and fulfilling my own purposes, but in doing God’s will, in delighting in him, in worshipping him (John 4:34). And when I forget this, I either don’t pray, or I pray on the basis of my own merit or my own wants. No wonder, then, that often our prayers are unanswered (James 4:3).

    posted in Passage discussions read more
  • Brent Karding

    Drinking beer in the presence of God

    Are Christians allowed to drink wine or beer? Does the Bible condemn all drinking of alcohol? Does God command Christians to abstain from all drinking of strong drink?

    These are controversial questions, but I believe the answer of the Bible about drinking alcohol is clear. We are all familiar, probably, with passages like Proverbs 20:1: “Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and whoever is led astray by it is not wise.” It is fair to say that he Bible is filled with warnings about alcohol: loving it leads to poverty (Prov 21:17), and to sorrow, folly, and addiction (Prov 23:29-35).

    But does this mean God absolutely forbids alcohol consumption? Well, the Bible is also filled with warnings about sex, about the dangers of immorality; yet modern evangelicals would never say that is is forbidden! God has given us sexual desires, but in a fallen world, with sin-corrupted hearts, we must beware the dangers of following them sinfully.

    What the Bible teaches about alcohol is the same. In the context of all the warnings, we must consider passages like Deuteronomy 14:22-27. This is one of two passages that teaches something surprising about alcohol—surprising from most modern Christians’ perspective, anyway.

    15. On Drinking Wine.png

    The main point of this text is that God’s people should tithe from their increase so that they would fear the LORD, and joyfully eat that tithe.

    I want to zoom in on verses 24-27. There, we learn that if an Israelite could not carry the tithe of sheep, for example, from his home to the tabernacle because it was too far away, God allowed him to sell the sheep and bring the money as his tithe to Jerusalem.

    When in Jerusalem, what he could spend the money? Notice the freedom God gives in 26a: “for whatever you desire.” Then God gives some possibilities, including “wine or strong drink.” And he tells his people to “eat … before the LORD your God”—to drink beer in the presence of God, enjoying it and enjoying him!

    Therefore, it is clear that the Bible does not categorically condemn wine or strong drink as a beverage for his people. Yes, beware its dangers; yes, make sure you live in love and don’t give cause to another believer to stumble into soul-destroying sin (Rom 14:15, 21). But don’t condemn a believer for drinking at all; this is to go beyond what is written in Scripture and put a burden of obedience on people that the Bible does not place on them (see Matt 23:4).

    posted in Theological discussions read more
  • Brent Karding

    @Nate-Davidson said in Has the office of apostle ceased?:

    When the apostles died, their God-given, Spirit-inspired authority continued through these writings. The apostles appointed men to replace them as leaders in particular churches. However, they did not confer their apostolic authority upon these men nor could they have. True apostolic authority came directly from the Lord Jesus not from human beings. As the apostles neared the end of their lives, they urged their followers to continue in the apostolic teachings: “What you heard from me, keep as the pattern of sound teaching, with faith and love in Christ Jesus. Guard the good deposit that was entrusted to you––guard it with the help of the Holy Spirit who lives in us…And the things you heard me say in the presence of many witnesses entrust to reliable people who will also be qualified to teach others” (2 Tim 1:13–14; 2:2).

    That is an extremely helpful point, Nate. We still live under apostolic authority, which is located in the inspired writings of the New Testament (and the OT is inspired as well, of course, and is authoritative as well). We haven’t lost our need of apostles, and God has graciously provided their unchanging writings, given by inspiration of the Spirit.

    Your quotation from Schnabel helped confirm my interpretation of Scripture, but from a different direction than I had thought of it before. It is vital that we not proclaim our own experience in our witness, but the gospel according to the apostolic writings.

    posted in Theological discussions read more
  • Brent Karding

    God did give us commands in the OT on how to worship him—commands he expects us, his NT people, to obey.

    To prove that claim (after my study on Matthew 15:1-9), I’m going to briefly describe and apply three NT passages: Romans 15:1-6, 1 Corinthians 9:3-14, and 1 Corinthians 10:1-13.

    1. Romans 15:1-6

    Paul’s topic in Romans 15:1-6 isn’t about worship, but his point in verse 4 applies not only to worship but to all applications of the OT in the NT era. At the beginning of Romans 15, Paul is still dealing with the same broader topic of relationships in the church between the “weak” and the “strong,” specifically with regard to the issue of eating meat prohibited under the OT Law. Believers on both sides of the issue were to pursue peace (14:19) and seek to please each other instead of themselves (15:2).

    In verse 3, Paul supports this last exhortation by quoting from Psalm 69:9, and placing the words in the mouth of Christ instead of David, as the perfect fulfillment of David’s attitude and actions in the psalm.

    Paul then digs a little deeper, laying one further Ground below his quotation, explaining why he quoted from the OT to exhort the believers. In doing so, he makes a massive claim for the OT that has an instant practical application for our theology of worship: Everything written in the OT was written specifically for the instruction of NT believers.

    “Whatever” was written (4a) is pretty comprehensive! And “our instruction” is obviously referring not only to Jewish believers but Gentiles too, since Paul is writing to a mixed church (1:13 makes this very clear). Of course, NT believers weren’t the original audience of the psalms, but Paul disabuses us of any notion that the OT was written for Israel, and that we modern Gentile Christians are only a secondary audience, reading “someone else’s mail,” as it were.

    So why was the OT written? To instruct us. And why should we read it and follow it? So that we can “have hope” as we endured and stuck closely to the encouragement of the Scriptures (4c-e).

    12. Romans 15_1-6.png

    2. 1 Corinthians 9:3-14.

    From chapters 8-11 of 1 Corinthians, Paul instructs the Corinthians on how to resolve the controversy about eating meat that had been offered to idols. In chapter 9, he is supporting his advice by his personal example as an apostle.

    Verses 4-12 are structured as a Bilateral, with 4-7 and 11-12 functioning as the main point, supported by 8-10. Paul had a right to financial support as an apostle because of Deuteronomy 25:4, which he quotes in verse 9.

    The significance of verses 9-10 for our discussion on worship cannot be overstated: Paul clearly says that God’s command in the Law “was written for our sake”—that is, for those who were to obey the Law, not for animals. Paul includes his post-resurrection, Gentile audience in the group for whom this law was written!

    I’m not saying that modern-day believers in the church are under the Old Covenant as a covenant; what I’m saying is that verses 8-9 make clear that the OT’s validity and authority did not expire with the dawning of the New Covenant era.

    13. 1 Corinthians 9_4-12.png

    3. 1 Corinthians 10:1-13

    In chapter 10 of 1 Corinthians, Paul uses the sinful example of OT Israel to warn the church against sinning in idolatry.

    It is striking that, in doing so, Paul calls OT Israel “our fathers”—the ancestors of Gentile believers! Even though they were part of God’s people delivered from Egypt, God killed many of them because of their idolatry, sexual immorality, and putting Christ to the test. And these accounts were written not only for OT believers but also “for our instruction” (11b). Paul is specifically referring to NT believers, since he calls his audience those “on whom the end of the ages has come” (11b).

    At the heart of his argument is the assumption of the continuing validity and authority of the OT writings for NT believers.

    Therefore, when dealing with the issue of worship in the church, we must search the OT to learn God’s will in this matter. The Mosaic Law and its commands, far from being obsolete, speak to our current situation and should guide us in our daily church life.

    Regulative Principle of Worship.png

    Next, I will look at 2 Timothy 3:10-17, which is one final text that describes the importance of the OT for us today. Then I will turn to the instructions of the NT regarding worship.

    posted in Passage discussions read more
  • Brent Karding

    1 We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. 2 Let each of us please his neighbor for his good, to build him up. 3 For Christ did not please himself, but as it is written, “The reproaches of those who reproached you fell on me.” 4 For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope. 5 May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus, 6 that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ (Romans 15:1-6 ESV).

    posted in Passage discussions read more
  • Brent Karding

    @Jesudas Good morning: I’m just wondering what you’re trying to do with your recent posts. Are you having a difficult time posting what you want? There are only symbols here in your post, but the title is from Romans 7. Did you have a specific question about Romans 7?

    posted in Discourse (Arcing / Bracketing) read more
  • Brent Karding

    In answering this question, I have been helped by four articles written by Pastor John MacArthur, where he described the requirements for an apostle: chosen by God, appointed by Jesus, witness of the risen Christ, and unique ministry duties. He demonstrates that these requirements proves that there cannot be apostles today. These articles are a good example of systematic theology done well, where the combined weight of the testimony of many passages of Scripture proves a point that no single passage establishes on its own.

    I’m going to summarize each argument with screenshots of appropriate passages, with a brief discussion under each.

    First, an apostle must have been chosen by God. Paul called himself “an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God” (2 Cor 1:1; see also, among others, Eph 1:1; 2 Tim 1:1). God had chosen Paul, according to Paul’s testimony, “before I was born” (Gal 1:15). A claim to be an apostle is an enormous one, claiming as it does extrabiblical insight into the purposes and will of God.

    Secondly, an apostle must have been appointed by Jesus. This is also a huge claim. The original twelve apostles could substantiate this with their personal testimony of the incarnate Christ choosing them (Luke 6:13). Paul, even though he was “untimely born” (1 Cor 15:8), was also chosen personally by Jesus (Acts 9:15; Gal 1:15-16), and learned the gospel from his own lips (Gal 1:12).

    Thirdly, an apostle must have been a witness of the risen Christ. This requirement is seen in the deliberation of the eleven remaining disciples, after Judas’s suicide, as they endeavored to see whom God had chosen to replace him: they said that such a one “have accompanied us during all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, beginning from the baptism of John until the day when he was taken up from us” (Acts 1:21-22). And even though Paul was not among that number, he claimed that “last of all," Jesus had “appeared also to me” (1 Cor 15:8; cf. Acts 9:1-8).

    And finally, an apostle had unique ministry duties. These began during Christ’s ministry, as Mark 3:14-15 testifies. The apostles were to be “with” Jesus, and “to preach and have authority to cast out demons” (see also Matt 28:19-20; Rom 1:4-5). Jesus also gave them the ability to heal diseases (Luke 9:1-20).

    Can anyone today claim that God has chosen him, that Jesus has personally appointed him to be an apostle, and that he has seen the risen and glorified Jesus with his own eyes? Anyone can make such claims, of course, but that is a far cry from verifying them. Such claims would have to be substantiated by miracles, exorcisms, and healings. And where are these things found? I answer: nowhere. The original apostles actually did heal diseases (see Acts 3:1-10, 12-16 for one example), unlike the fraudulent claims of modern-day hucksters like Benny Hinn and Kenneth Copeland.

    There are other supporting arguments for the cessation of the office of apostle—ones which are not sufficient to make the case on their own but which add weight when considered along with the requirements of an apostle. For instance, there are only instructions in the NT for choosing elders and deacons. We are given no guidance on selecting apostles (or prophets or evangelists, for that matter). Then there is the fact that, over and over again, the apostles are called “the twelve.” They needed a replacement after Judas’s suicide to make the number twelve again (Acts 1:24-26), and John, in his vision, saw the New Jerusalem, which not only had twelve gates with the numbers of the twelve tribes of Israel, but also “twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb” (Rev 21:14).

    The testimony of the totality of the New Testament, including the four requirements for apostleship, is that the gift of apostle has ceased.

    I look forward to discussion and further digging into the Scriptures on this topic!

    posted in Theological discussions read more
  • Brent Karding

    @Ryan-Robinson I’ve just posted my first of several Scripture studies on worship, specifically about the regulative principle. It’s on Matthew 15:1-9 in Passage Discussions. I’m interested to hear your thoughts, even though I still have more clarifications to make in my next arcs.


    posted in Theological discussions read more
  • Brent Karding

    Jesus condemns people’s hypocritical passion for their own traditions over God’s commands.

    The heart of Jesus’ confrontation with the Pharisees is in 3b-9b, where Jesus answers the Pharisees’ question with a sharp rebuke.

    His answer reveals the sin at the heart of the Pharisees’ love of tradition: Even though God had commanded honour to one’s father and mother, the Pharisees nullified that command so that they could keep their own tradition (3-6). Their sin was elevating their rules above God’s rules.

    That meant that the Pharisees were hypocrites (7-9). They were the sort of people Isaiah described, whose heart was miles away from God; therefore, their worship was unacceptable as they taught their thoughts as if they were God’s thoughts.

    We can discover the kind of worship God accepts by flipping around the Pharisees’ actions: True worship involves a heart that is near to God, not merely a mouth that speaks words, and an exaltation of and submission to God’s written Word.

    The author of Hebrews also describes “acceptable worship” in Hebrews 12:28: “let us offer to God acceptable worship, with reverence and awe.” So even in the New Covenant era, after the cross, it is possible to offer to God unacceptable worship. At least part of acceptable worship involves a “reverence and awe,” as Hebrews 12:28 makes clear, but submission to God’s Word is also central, as we saw in Matthew 15:9.

    Based on this passage, I conclude that Jesus would condemn our own passion for any elements of worship that are not directly commanded by God in his Word. He rejects any worship that prioritizes our own innovations rather than what he has directly commanded us to do in public worship.

    That conclusion forces us to ask another question: Did God reveal to us, in the NT, how he wants us to worship? And does he expect us today to obey his OT commands regarding worship?

    To that question I will turn in posts on Romans 15:1-6, 1 Corinthians 9:3-14, 1 Corinthians 10:1-13, and 2 Timothy 3:10-17.

    11. Matthew 15_1-9.png

    posted in Passage discussions read more